Экспериментальное структурно-тектоническое моделирование – современный инструмент в решении геологических вопросов

Experimental structural-tectonic modeling is a modern tool in solution geological issues

A.M. FARKHUTDINOV1,
S.A. DYAKOVA1,2,
R.A. GATAULLIN1,2
1Bashkir State University
Ufa, 450076, Russian Federation
2Institute of Geology UFRC RAS,
Ufa, 450077, Russian Federation

Экспериментальное моделирование позволяет наглядно изучать важнейшие геологические феномены – горообразование, складчатость, осадконакопление и т.д. Уточнение геологического строения территорий с помощью этого метода является высокоперспективным подходом для поиска полезных ископаемых.

Experimental modeling makes it possible to visually study the most important geological phenomena – mountain building, folding, sedimentation, etc. Clarification of the territories geological structure using this method is a highly promising approach for the search for minerals.

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Литература

1. Koyi H. Analogue modelling: from qualitative to quantitative technique—a historical outline. Journal of Petroleum Geology. – 1997. – Vol. 20. – N 2. – P. 223–238.
2. Favre A. The formation of mountains // Nature. – 1878. – Vol. 19. – P. 103–106.
3. Daubrée G.A. Expériences tendant à imiter des formes diverses de ploiements, contournements et ruptures que présente l'écorce terrestre. Comptes Rendus Hebdomadaires des Séances de l'Académie des Sciences. – 1878. – Vol. 86. – N. 12. – P. 733–739, 864–869 and 928–931.
4. Daubrée G.A. Etudes synthétiques de Géologie Expérimentale. Dunot, Paris, 1879. Part 1, 478 pp., Part 472, 350 pp.
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References

1. Koyi H. Analogue modeling. From qualitative to quantitative technique—a historical outline. Journal of Petroleum Geology. 1997, vol. 20, no. 2, pp. 223–238. (In English).
2. Favre A. The formation of mountains. Nature Publ., 1878, vol. 19, pp. 103–106. (In English).
3. Daubrée G.A. Expériences tendant à imiter des formes diverses de ploiements, contournements et ruptures que présente l'écorce terrestre. Comptes Rendus Hebdomadaires des Séances de l'Académie des Sciences. 1878, vol. 86, no. 12, pp. 733–739, 864–869 and 928–931. (In France).
4. Daubrée G.A. Etudes synthétiques de Géologie Expérimentale. Dunot, Paris, 1879. part 1, pp. 478, part 472, pp. 350. (In France).
5. Pfaff F. Der Mechanismus der Gebirgsbildung, Heidelberg, 1880, p.143 (In German).
6. Cadell H.M. Experimental researches in mountain building. Transactions of the Royal Society of Edinburgh Publ., – 1888, no. 35, pp. 337–357. (In English).
7. Willis B. The mechanics of Appalachian structure. Thirteenth Annual report of the United States Geological Survey to the Secretary of the Interior, 1891–1892, part 2, USGS, pp. 211–282. (In English).
8. Blaas J. Über geologische Studien- und Unterrichtsmodelle. Geologische Rundschau. 1910, vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 49–52. (In German).
9. Maillet R., Blondel F. Sur la similitude en tectonique. Bulletin de la Societe Geologique de France, 1934, vol. 4, pp. 599–602. (In France).
10. Hubbert M.K. Mechanical basis for certain familiar geologic structures. Bulletin of the Geological Society of America. 1951, vol. 62(4), pp. 355–372. (In English).
11. Gzovsky M.V. The use of scale models in tectonophysics. International Geology Review, 1959, vol. 1, pp. 31–47. (In English).
12. Beloussov V.V. Tectonophysical investigations. Bulletin of the Geological Society of America, 1960, vol. 71, no. 8, pp. 1255–1270. (In English).
13. Dahlen F.A., Barr T.D. Brittle frictional mountain building 1. Deformation and mechanical energy budget. Journal of Geophysical Research. – 1989, vol. 94, no. B4, pp. 3906–3922. (In English).
14. Graveleau F., Malavieille J., Dominguez S. Experimental modelling of orogenic wedges. A review Tectonophysics, 2012,
pp. 538–540. DOI:10.1016/j.tecto.2012.01.027. (In English).
15. Agarwal K.K., Agrawal G.K. A genetic model of thrust-bounded intermontane basin using scaled sandbox analogue models. An example from the Karewa Basin, Kashmir Himalayas, India. International Journal of Earth Sciences. 2005, vol. 94, no. 1,
pp. 47–52. (In English).
16. Vendeville B.C., Jackson M.P.A. The fall of diapirs during thin-skinned extension. Marine and Petroleum Geology, 1992. – vol. 9, no. 4, pp. 354–371.(In English).
17. Mulugeta G., Koyi H. Three-dimensional geometry and kinematics of experimental piggyback thrusting. Geology, 1987, vol. 15, no. 11, pp. 1052–1056. (In English).
18. Adam J., Urai J., Wieneke B., Oncken O., Pfeiffer K., Kukowski N., Lohrmann J., Hoth S., van der Zee, W., Schmatz J. Shear localisation and strain distribution during tectonic faulting. New insights from granular flow experiments and highresolution optical image correlation techniques. Journal of Structural Geology, 2005, vol. 27, no. 2, pp.283–301. (In Engligh).
19. Cruz L., Teyssier C., Perg L., Take A., Fayon A. Deformation, exhumation, and topography of experimental doubly-vergent orogenic wedges subjected to asymmetric erosion. Journal of Structural Geology, 2008, vol. 30, no. 1, pp. 98–115. (In English).
20. Leever K.A., Gabrielsen R.H., Faleide J.I., Braathen A. A transpressional origin for the West Spitsbergen fold-and-thrust belt. Insight from analog modeling. Tectonics, 2011, vol. 30. doi:10.1029/2010TC002753. (In English).
21. Nilforoushan, F., Koyi, H., Swantesson, J.O.H., Talbot, C. Effect of basal friction on surface and volumetric strain in models of convergent settings measured by laser scanner. Journal of Structural Geology 30 (3), 2008, pp. 366–379. (In English).
22. Linck, G. Apparat zur Demonstration der Gebirgsfaltung. CentralBlatt für Geologie, Geologie und Palaeontologie, 1902,
pp. 362–364. (In German).
23. Cotton, J., Koyi, H. Modeling of thrust fronts above ductile and frictional detachments: application to structures in the Salt Range and Potwar Plateau, Pakistan. Geological Society of America Bulletin 112 (3), 2000, pp. 351–363. (In English).
24. Lallemand, S.E., Schnurle, P., Malavieille, J. Coulomb theory applied to accretionary and non-accretionary wedges—possible causes for tectonic erosion and/or frontal accretion. Journal of Geophysical Research 99 (B6), 1994, pp. 12033–12055. (In English).
25. Konstantinovskaya, E.A., Rodriguez, D., Kirkwood, D., Harris, L.B., Thériault, R. Effects of basement structure, sedimentation and erosion on thrust wedge geometry: an example from the Quebec Appalachians and analogue models. Bulletin of Canadian Petroleum Geology 57 (1), 2009, pp. 34–62. (In English).
26. Colletta, B., Letouzey, J., Ballard, J.F., Balle, P. Computerized X-ray tomography analysis of sandbox models. Examples of thin-skinned thrust systems. Geology 19 (11), 1991, pp. 1063–1067. (In English).
27. Schreurs, G., Hanni, R., Panien, M., Vock, P. Analysis of analogue models by helical X-ray computed tomography. Geological Society, London, 2003, pp. 213–223. Special Publications, London. (In English).
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    Фархутдинов А.М.

    Фархутдинов А.М.

    к.г.-м.н., PhD, доцент, заведующий кафедрой геологии, гидрометеорологии и геоэкологии

    Башкирский государственный университет

    Дьякова С.А.

    Дьякова С.А.

    стажер, младший научный сотрудник

    Башкирский государственный университет г. Уфа, Республика Башкортостан, 450076, РФ 2 Институт геологии УФИЦ РАН г. Уфа, 450077, РФ

    Гатауллин Р.А.

    Гатауллин Р.А.

    стажер, студент магистратуры, младший научный сотрудник

    1Башкирский государственный университет г. Уфа, Республика Башкортостан, 450076, РФ 2 Институт геологии УФИЦ РАН г. Уфа, 450077, РФ

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